Originally published in Arch20
What is a Parametric Building?
To identify a parametric building, we should first know the technical meaning of the word ‘parameter’. Parameter as stated in the Oxford dictionary is “A numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation.” Hence, parametric design is a generative process that employs basic parameters in a specific formula. The formula contains mathematical functions of algorithms that are generated digitally through scripting and coding to accomplish successful design, or to find a suitable solution for architectural design problem.
This process can be carried out manually by mathematicians and designers, but on a smaller, limited scale. With computer technology’s revolution, the process became easier and wider and can be applied on large-scale designs in seconds. Basically, parametric design was confined only on the use of scripting by programmers.
Later on, design softwares and applications were developed to make the parametric modeling accessible to architects and designers. Rhinoceros, Grasshopper, Monkey, and Dynamo are available examples of these applications.
Here is a list of the top 1o parametric designs from all over the world, including the Viceroy Yas Hotel by Asymptote Architecture in Abu Dhabi.