US-based architecture firm Gensler has completed China’s tallest building, the Shanghai Tower, which is now the world’s second tallest.
The tower is preceded only by Dubai’s Burj Khalifa which measures up to 828 metres.
Shanghai Tower is located in the city’s Lujaizu financial district and rises up to 632 metres high, 31 metres taller than the Makkah Royal Clock Tower in Mecca, KSA which previously held the same title.
The tower features a curving and twisting form that is generated through a series of wind-tunnel tests and is expected to reduce win load by 24% during typhoons.
It is made up of 121 storeys that are divided into nine vertical zones including shops located at the base, offices in the centre and hotels, cultural facilities and observation decks at the top.
Each of these zones are organised around the concept of having several “sky lobbies”. These are atriums filled with plants and natural lighting and are designed to mimic the social environments that are traditionally used in town plazas and courtyards.
The building was officially fully constructed at the end of 2015 and is now in the official list of the world’s top 10 tallest buildings by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH).
CTBUH has described the tower as an “important milestone” and added that the tower “embodies a new prototype for tall buildings”.