Rural Iranian house by Bam Architects uses straw and dung for exterior

Iranian firm Bam Architects has just built a house in Parvaneh, a rural village near Isfahan, that makes use of a plaster made of sand, straw and dung.

Designed for a retired man who hopes to leave behind the chaotic city life of Isfahan, the home draws inspiration from 18th-century neoclassical architecture, with its finish chosen due to its likeness to the village’s vernacular.

Mimicking adobe, an early building material, the texture of the plaster features similarities with neighbouring structures that apply sandy-coloured desert stone.

“We wanted something more local for him,” said architect Babak Payvasteh, according to Dezeen. “We told him that we should keep on historical continuity in the villages, otherwise we will lose our great architectural heritages in villages.”

The U-shape floor plan of the residence wraps a central garden, lending to its name ‘Through Gardens House’. The courtyard-centric layout provides benefits of extra daylight and natural ventilation in the desert climate.

To make the most of these, the walls around the courtyard are fitted with large windows, while the tops are punctured with rectangular openings to bring in fresh air.

Brickwork steps that wrap the outdoor area form benches where people can sit; they also form a wall for a large planted area where trees are grown.

The majority of the residence is located on the ground floor, which overlooks the courtyard. While the bedrooms and bathroom are on one side, a hall connects to the open-plan kitchen, living and dining room on the other side.

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